Singles Squash Rules

Rule 14 – INJURY, ILLNESS AND BLEEDING

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Clive Pollard

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14 INJURY, ILLNESS AND BLEEDING


14.1 Illness

14.1.1    A player who suffers an illness that involves neither an injury nor bleeding must either continue play immediately, or concede the game in progress and take the 90-second interval between games to recover. This includes conditions such as a cramp, nausea, and breathlessness, as well as asthma.

Only one game may be conceded. The player must then resume play, or concede the match.

14.1.2    If a player’s vomiting or other action causes the court to become unplayable, the match is awarded to the opponent.


14.2 Injury

The Referee:

14.2.1    if not satisfied that the injury is genuine, must advise the player to decide whether to resume play immediately, or to concede the game in progress and take the 90-second interval between games and then resume play, or concede the match. Only 1 game may be conceded;

14.2.2    if satisfied that the injury is genuine, must advise both players of the category of the injury and of the time permitted for recovery. Recovery time is permitted only at the time the injury takes place;

14.2.3    if satisfied that this is a recurrence of an injury sustained earlier in the match, must advise the player to decide whether to resume play immediately or concede the game in progress and take the 90-second interval between games, or concede the match. Only 1 game may be conceded.

Note: A player who concedes a game retains any points already scored.

 

14.3 Categories of injury:

14.3.1    Self-inflicted: where the injury is the result of the player’s own action. This includes a muscle tear or sprain, or a bruise resulting from a collision with a wall, or falling over.

The player is permitted 3 minutes to recover and, if not then ready to resume play, must concede that game and take the 90-second interval between games for further recovery. Only 1 game may be conceded. The player must then resume play or concede the match.

14.3.2    Contributed: where the injury is the result of accidental action by both players.

The injured player is permitted 15 minutes to recover. This may be extended by a further 15 minutes at the discretion of the Referee. If the player is then unable to continue, the match is awarded to the opponent. The score at the conclusion of the rally in which the injury occurred, stands.

14.3.3    Opponent-inflicted: where the injury is caused solely by the opponent.

14.3.3.1 Where the injury is accidentally caused by the opponent, Rule 15 (Conduct) must be applied. The injured player is permitted 15 minutes to recover. If the player is then unable to resume play, the match is awarded to the injured player.

14.3.3.2 Where the injury is caused by the opponent’s deliberate or dangerous play or action, if the injured player requires any time for recovery, the match is awarded to the injured player. If the injured player is able to continue without delay, Rule 15 (Conduct) must be applied.

 

14.4 Bleeding

14.4.1    Whenever bleeding occurs, play must stop and the player must leave the court and attend to the bleeding promptly. Reasonable time for treatment is allowed. Play may resume only after the bleeding has stopped and, where possible, the wound has been covered.

14.4.2    If the bleeding was accidentally caused by the opponent, then Rule 15 (Conduct) must be applied.

14.4.3    If the bleeding is the result of the opponent’s deliberate or dangerous play or action, the match is awarded to the injured player.

14.4.4    A player who is unable to stop the bleeding within the time permitted must either concede 1 game and take the 90-second interval and then continue play, or concede the match.

14.4.5    If blood is again visible (from the same injury) during play, no further recovery time is permitted, and the player must concede the game in progress and use the 90-second interval between games for further treatment. If the bleeding has not then stopped, the player must concede the match.

14.4.6    The court must be cleaned and bloodstained clothing replaced.

 

14.5 An injured player may resume play before the end of any permitted recovery-period. Both players must be given reasonable time to prepare to resume play.

 

14.6 It is always the injured player’s decision whether or not to resume play.


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