Singles Squash Rules


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3.1 A match should normally be officiated by a Marker and a Referee, both of whom must keep a record of the score, which player is serving, and the correct box for service.


3.2 If there is only one Official, that Official is both the Marker and the Referee. A player may appeal any call or lack of call made by that Official as Marker to that same Official as the Referee.


3.3 The correct position for the Officials is seated at the centre of the back wall, as close to that wall as possible and just above the out-line.


3.4 An alternative Officiating System called the 3-Referee System is described in Appendix 4.


3.5 When addressing players, Officials must use the family name, where possible.


3.6 The Marker:

3.6.1      must announce the match, introduce each game, and announce the result of each game and of the match (see Appendix 2);

3.6.2      must call “fault,” “down,” “out,” “not up” or “stop”, as appropriate;

3.6.3      must make no call, if unsure about a serve or return;

3.6.4      must call the score without delay at the end of a rally, with the server’s score first, preceded by “hand out” when there is a change of server;

3.6.5      must repeat the Referee’s decision after a player’s request for a let, and then call the score;

3.6.6      must wait for the Referee’s decision after a player’s appeal against a Marker’s call or lack of a call, and then call the score;

3.6.7      must call “Game Ball” when a player needs 1 point to win a game, or “Match Ball” when a player needs 1 point to win the match;

3.6.8      must call “10-all: a player must win by 2 points” when the score reaches 10-all for the first time in a match.


3.7 The Referee, whose decision is final:

3.7.1      must postpone the match if the court is not satisfactory for play; or suspend play if the match is already in progress, and when the match resumes later, allow the score to stand;

3.7.2      must allow a let if through no fault of either player a change of court conditions affects a rally;

3.7.3      may award the match to a player whose opponent is not on court ready to play within the time stated in the competition rules;

3.7.4      must rule on all matters, including all requests for a let and all appeals against a Marker’s call or lack of a call;

3.7.5      must rule immediately if disagreeing with the Marker’s call or lack of a call, stopping play if necessary;

3.7.6      must correct the score immediately if the Marker announces the score incorrectly, stopping play if necessary;

3.7.7      must enforce all the Rules relating to time, announcing “15 seconds”, “Half-time” and “Time”, as appropriate;

Note: It is the players’ responsibility to be close enough to hear these announcements.

3.7.8      must make the appropriate decision if the ball hits a player (see Rule 9: Ball Hitting A Player);

3.7.9      may allow a let if unable to decide an appeal against a Marker’s call or lack of call;

3.7.10   must ask the player for clarification if uncertain about the reason for a request for a let or an appeal;

3.7.11   may give an explanation for a decision;

3.7.12   must announce all decisions in a voice loud enough to be heard by the players, the Marker and the spectators;

3.7.13   must apply Rule 15 (Conduct) if a player’s conduct is unacceptable;

3.7.14   must suspend play if the behaviour of any person, other than a player, is disruptive or offensive, until the behaviour has ceased, or until the offending person has left the court area.

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